The University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) began early in the 20th century as a standard general Hospital for Africans built by the colonial administrators. It later metamorphosed into a general hospital on the attainment of Nigeria’s independence in the 1960’s.
However, at the end of the Nigerian civil war in 1970, the then government of East Central State transformed it into a Specialist Hospital with effect from July 1, 1970.
At this time, the hospital had a total of 50 doctors, 10 wards, and 300 beds and a chest bay of 60 beds. There are also 350 nurses working in the Hospital. Today, the situation has changed dramatically. The bed capacity of the hospital in the permanent site is over 500 beds and the number of its personnel (both professional and non – professional) has increased tremendously.
By decree number 23 of 1974, the Federal Military Government took over the hospital, but left the management in the hands of the Council of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
The University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital became in dependent in July 1976 with the appointment of autonomous Management Board.
The physical constraints at the old site of the hospital made it impossible for needed expansion to be implemented. It was also appreciated that the old site was developed and used as a general hospital, and therefore, could no longer cope with the challenges of a Teaching Hospital.
Consequently, the approval of the then Federal Military Government for the construction of a new complex for the Teaching Hospital was sought and it came as a welcome relief.
Today, this new site, which is the permanent Site of the UNTH at Ituku/Ozalla, is permanent and fully functional. It is located 21 kilometers from Enugu Capital City along Enugu – Port Harcourt Express Way.
All services hitherto rendered at the old site have now been moved into the permanent site with effect from 8th January 2007.
The Hospital site covers an area of about 200 acres while the entire parcel of land i9s about 306 hectares (747 acres). There is now a room for expansion and this is hoped to assist in solving the accommodation needs of the Hospital once and for all.
The new hospital complex is also better equipped under the Federal Government assisted VAMED Engineering Equipment Programme which has elevated it and some other Teaching Hospitals in the country to an international standard.
The UNTH Ituku/Ozalla has broad objectives of service, teaching and research. The hospital tries to achieve these through provision of in – patient and out – patient services to it’s clients through her highly trained staff, provision of adequate clinical materials for service and training as well as equipment for research, provision of teaching facilities for training her students and other persons in the health delivery team and conduct and promotion of research on all matters pertaining to health.
Altogether, there are 41 main departments in the hospital with three out – posts – Comprehensive Health Centers at Obukpa near Nsukka, Enugu State, Abagana in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State and Isuochi in Abia State.
There are nine training schools/programmes in the hospital viz: the School of Nursing, Midwifery, Medical Laboratory Science, Nurse Anesthetists, Community Health and Post Ophthalmic Nursing. Others are Peri – Operative Nursing, Cardiothoracic Nursing and Medical Records.