According to collins dictionary, Quantity Surveying is the action or profession of a person who estimates the cost of the materials and labour necessary for a construction job.
A quantity surveyor (QS) is a construction industry professional with expert knowledge on construction costs and contracts. They are not to be confused with land surveyors.
Services provided by a quantity surveyor may include:
Cost consulting, cost estimating
Cost planning and commercial management throughout the entire life cycle of the project from inception to post-completion
Risk management and calculation
Procurement advice and assistance during the tendering procedures
Tender analysis and agreement of the contract sum
Preparation of pricing documents (e.g. Bills of Quantities) in tender
Drafting contract conditions and contractual correspondence
Commercial management and contract administration
Assistance in dispute resolution
Interim valuations and payment assessment
Cost management process
Assessing the additional costs of design variations
Production of company pre-qualification questionnaire (PQQ) documentation in line with company policies
Scope of Quantity Surveying
• Estimating and cost advice
• Receiving instruction from the Employer and advising on various courses of action and procedures to suit the particular requirements of the Project.
• Providing financial design criteria advice.
• Documentation and procurement
• Compilation of documentation, and management of the procurement processes
• Contract administration
• Examining and reporting on tender offers for subcontracts, including financial comparisons with budget.
• Preparing schedules of predicted cash flows.
• Final account Preparation, measurement of all final quantities, and evaluation of the final account as submitted by the contractor
• Supplementary Services Financial viability studies, and other pre-design phase studies involving economic investigations and appraisals of a project.
Skills and Competencies you might need
- numerical skills
- problem-solving ability
- analytical and data interpretation skills
- teamwork and interpersonal skills
- the ability to work independently
- written and verbal communication skills
- presentation skills
- IT skills and digital literacy.
- A good working knowledge of MS Excel and the ability to learn how to use specialist software
- Excellent relationship-building and interpersonal skills
- The ability to negotiate
- Attention to detail and a methodical approach to work
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects for Quantity Surveying Graduates in Nigeria
- Architectural technologist
- Building surveyor
- Commercial/ residential surveyor
- Construction manager
- Planning and development surveyor
- Project manager
- Quantity surveyor
- Site engineer
- Building control surveyor
- Building services engineer
- Consulting civil engineer
- Contracting civil engineer
- Estates manager
- Financial manager
- Urban designer
Admission Requirements for the study of Quantity Surveying in Nigeria
For most high institutions in Nigeria, to study Quantity Surveying as a course, you need to meet specific academic requirements. Candidates seeking admission through the Jamb are required to have five credit level passes in the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (S.S.C.E.) or its equivalent. These should include English Language, Physics, Mathematics, and any of Chemistry, Geography, Biology and Economics.. A pass in Mathematics is also required for some schools while it's not for some.
For Jamb UTME, English Language, and Any three of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geography, Biology, Economics are required. Please check Jamb brochure for requirements for each school.
SOME INSTITUTIONS WHERE YOU CAN STUDY QUANTITY SURVEYING
- • Ahmadu Bello University • Bauchi State University • Bayero University Kano • Baze University • Bells University of Technology • Caleb University • Enugu State University of Science and Technology • Federal University of Technology Akure • Federal University of Technology Minna • Federal University of Technology, Owerri • Federal University, Birnin Kebbi • Gregory University, Uturu • Imo State University • Joseph Ayo Babalola University • Kaduna State university • Nnamdi Azikiwe University • Obafemi Awolowo University • Oduduwa University • Rivers State University of Science and Technology • University of Benin • University of Ilorin • University of Jos • University of Lagos • University of Uyo