Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, planning permission, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Urban planning is also referred to as urban and regional planning, regional planning, town planning, city planning, rural planning, urban development or some combination in various areas worldwide. It is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social, engineering and design sciences. Urban planning is closely related to the field of urban design and some urban planners provide designs for streets, parks, buildings and other urban areas.
Scope of Urban and Regional Planning
There is a tremendous scope for the urban planning graduates. The programme is aimed at providing the students with a sound education in urban and regional planning. As a career, planning offers a real opportunity to play a key role in shaping places and localities across the globe.
Urban planning can be seen as a technical and political process concerned with the welfare of people, control of the use of land, design of the urban environment including transportation and communication networks, and protection and enhancement of the natural environment. Urban development is societal development. Planning and managing the development of contemporary cities is one of the major societal challenges all over the world today.
Skills and Competencies Required in Urban and Regional Planning
- Good analytical and problem-solving skills.
- Good communication skills.
- Organisational skills.
- Understanding of social economic issues.
- Understanding of environmental and cultural issues.
- Mediation and negotiation skills.
- Knowledge of planning law and legislation;
- Finance and policy development;
- Strategic thinking;
- Analytical research;
- Making a reasoned argument;
- Professional report writing and presentation;
- Partnership working and collaboration.
- Pragmatism and sensitivity.
Career Options and Job Prospects in Urban and Regional Planning
Jobs directly related to your degree include:
- Facilities manager
- Historic buildings inspector/conservation officer
- Housing manager/officer
- Local government officer
- Town planner
- Transport planner
- Urban Planner
- Urban Designer
- Planning Advisor
- Planning Manager
- Building surveyor
- Civil Service administrator
- Community development worker
- Environmental manager
- Estate agent
- Landscape architect
- Planning and development surveyor
- Sustainability consultant
Admission Requirements for the study of Urban and Regional Planning in Nigeria
The O'level subject combination and requirements needed to study Urban and Regional Planning;
You require; Five SSCE credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Geography, and any two of Physics, Chemistry, Economics, Government, Biology, Art, History, IRK/CRK, Social Studies and Tech Drawing.
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Urban and Regional Planning under the Faculty of Engineering, Environment & Technology in the above Universities include;
Mathematics, Geography and one of Economics, Physics, Chemistry.