Journalism is the production and distribution of reports on the interaction of events, facts, ideas, and people that are the "news of the day" and that impacts society to at least some degree. The word applies to the occupation (professional or not), the methods of gathering information, and the organizing literary styles. Journalistic media include: print, television, radio, Internet, and, in the past, newsreels.
Journalism is the activity of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information. It is also the product of these activities.
Journalism can be distinguished from other activities and products by certain identifiable characteristics and practices. These elements not only separate journalism from other forms of communication, they are what make it indispensable to democratic societies. History reveals that the more democratic a society, the more news and information it tends to have.
Scope of Journalism
Journalism is a field that is worth working. It is one of the most prestigious careers one can get today. As one might be aware the tools of Communication and Technology are television, the printed media and radio. The internet is a more recent addition to this list. A lot of students are getting attracted to this field nowadays. This is mostly due to the fact that a career in journalism can be challenging as well as highly rewarding.
Journalism, in its wider sense, includes reporting and commentaries delivered on television and radio. Even news events and film documentaries come within the scope of journalism. The editors, and the reporters working for television, radio or film industry claim that when they deal with news and views, they too are as much covered by the term "the Press" as people belonging to the print media. What qualifies a person to be called a journalist is the nature of the function performed by him and not the media for which he is working.
Skills and Competencies required in Journalism
- Excellent communication and writing skills.
- Research skills.
- Self-confidence, and the ability to make people feel relaxed.
- The ability to absorb information quickly.
- The ability to write in an appropriate style.
- Keyboard and IT skills.
- Speaking skills
- Editing skills
- Analytical skills
- Idea Evaluation
Qualities of a Good Journalist
- Curiosity. A good journalist must be curious about all things. ...
- Honesty. A journalist must be an honest person by nature. ...
- Fearless. A good journalist must not be afraid. ...
- Loyalty. A good journalist must be loyal. ...
- Kind. ...
- Trustworthy. ...
- Passionate. ...
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects in journalism
- Content marketer.
- Corporate communications specialist.
- Grant writer.
- Public relations specialist.
- Social media specialist.
- Media Analyst
- Broadcast journalist.
- Editorial assistant.
- Magazine journalist.
- Newspaper journalist.
- Press sub-editor.
- Publishing copy-editor/proofreader.
- Web content manager.
Admission Requirements for the study of Journalism in Nigeria
For most high institutions in Nigeria, to study mass communication as a course, you need to meet specific academic requirements. Candidates seeking admission through the Jamb are required to have five credit level passes in the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (S.S.C.E.) or its equivalent. These should include English Language, Literature in English, Government and two other approved science subjects.
For Jamb UTME, English Language, and Any three Arts and Social Science subjects are required. For most universities Literature in English is required. Please check Jamb brochure for requirements for each school.