Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δ?μος d?mos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γρ?φω graph?, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings. As a very general science, it can analyze any kind of dynamic living population, i.e., one that changes over time or space (see population dynamics). Demography encompasses the study of the size, structure, and distribution of these populations, and spatial or temporal changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging, and death. Based on the demographic research of the earth, earth's population up to the year 2050 and 2100 can be estimated by demographers. Demographics are quantifiable characteristics of a given population.
SCOPE OF DEMOGRAPHY
· Micro Demography and Macro Demography.
This is the study of a growth distribution and redistribution of the population within community, state, economics area and other local area. It studies small units like individual, family, groups etc. these includes numerical (statistical) and compositional aspect and it performed by using meaningful subdivision of community or local area.
This deals with such studies as the cause of rapid or slow growth of birth rate, death rate, population growth, sex ratio and health conditions. Many economic issues like unemployment, income condition, standard of living, labour condition and living standard, production, consumption, saving habits, relationship between population and economic development are all parts of macro demographic studies. Also, social problems like mental status, family composition, growing trends about education, religion etc. and problems of migration, urbanization, etc. form of macro demography.
In the World Population Conferences held by the United Nations ([UN) organization in 1954 & 1968, the following topics were discussed.
- Genetic Composition
- Future Prospects
- Population and Resources
- Techniques of Measurement
- Training of Demographers
- Distribution of Population
- Family Planning
- Population Projections
- Demographic aspects of housing, education, saving of investment.
Skills and Competencies needed in Demography
- Analytical skills
- Mathematical skills
- Good writing skills
- Good communication skills
- Scientific knowledge
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects in Demography
- Research Assistant
- Teaching Assistant
- Research Analyst
- Engineering Internship
- Student Internship
- Ship Worker
- Survey Statistician
- Machine Operator
- Production Associate
- Sous Chef
- Accounts Receivable Specialist
- Substance Abuse Counselor
- Project Director
Admission Requirements for the study of Demography in Nigeria
Subject Combination / JAMB UTME Requirements
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Demography under the Faculty of Sciences in the above Universities include;
Mathematics and any two of Physics, Chemistry and Economics.
The O'level subject combination and requirements needed to study Demography;
You require; Five SSCE credit passes to include English Language, Mathematics and at least three subjects from Physics, Statistics, Chemistry, Further Mathematics, Economics and Geography.