Anthropology is the study of people throughout the world, their evolutionary history, how they behave, adapt to different environments, communicate and socialise with one another. According to Wikipedia, Anthropology is the study of various aspects of humans within past and present societies. The study of anthropology is concerned both with the biological features that make us human (such as physiology, genetic makeup, nutritional history and evolution) and with social aspects (such as language, culture, politics, family and religion).
According to Dictionary.com, Anthropology is the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of human kind. The study of human beings' similarity to and divergence from other animals. The science of humans and their works.
Scope of Anthropology
Anthropology is both a biological and a social science. It deals on the one hand with man as a member of the animal kingdom and on the other with man's behaviour as a member of society.
Anthropology, as is commonly misunderstood, is not an idler's pursuit nor is it a study of queer customs of the savages or digging for the remains left by the prehistoric people.
It concerns us primarily with our own lives. It is no longer a vague study or a study without a portfolio. It is a well-defined science which tells us about the various aspects of the life of man, which is both physical and cultural, from the time of his origin till the present day. It embraces a vast field of study which views man from different angles. Anthropology is probably the most comprehensive of the sciences dealing with man and his works.
Anthropology has two main branches-
Physical Anthropology: Physical Anthropology deals mainly with:-
- Human biology
- Human evolution
- Human variation and
- Human genetics.
Cultural Anthropology: Cultural Anthropology deals with learned behavioral characteristics of the past, present and future of human societies.
Skills and Competencies neededd to be successful in Anthropology
- Learning and study skills;
- Written communication;
- Analytical and critical skills;
- The ability to gather, assess and interpret data;
- Oral communication and presentation skills;
- Time management;
- Discussion and group work skills;
- Research skills for collecting and understanding information
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects for Anthropologists
Anthropologists contribute significantly to interdisciplinary fields such as international studies and ethnic and gender studies, and some work in academic research centers. Anthropologists conduct scientific and humanistic studies of the culture and evolution of humans.
- Equality and diversity officer.
- Higher education lecturer.
- Human resources officer.
- Museum/gallery curator.
- Public relations officer.
- Social worker.
- UX analyst.
- Medical Researcher
- Field Investigator
- Education Anthropologist
- Economic Anthropologist
- Business Anthropologist
- Forensic Anthropologist
- Sociocultural Anthropologist
- Visual Anthropologist
Admission Requirements for the study of Anthropology in Nigeria
The O'level subject combination and requirements needed to study Anthropology; knowing that English is compulsory,
» Four SSCE credit passes to include one of Government/History, Religious Studies, Geography and Economics.
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Anthropology under the Faculty of Arts & Humanities in the above University include;
» Any three of History, CRK, Geography, Economics, Literature in English and French.