Biology is the natural science that involves the study of life and living organisms, including their physical and chemical structure, function, development and evolution. Modern biology is a vast field, composed of many branches. Despite the broad scope and the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. In general, biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation of new species. It is also understood that all organisms survive by consuming and transforming energy and by regulating their internal environment.
Scope of Biology
Human beings are the most intelligent organism due to the capability of thinking and understanding. For human, study of science has dual purposes. Firstly, they gain scientific knowledge. Secondly, they apply the knowledge for human welfare. On the basis of practical application, scope of biology in context of Nepal can be discussed in the following points;
Biology gives knowledge about the useful and harmful plant. So, the farmer can get better pest free crops.
Biology provides the knowledge to maintain good health by following a proper food, exercises, good habits etc.
Several pathogens cause different diseases. The habit, habitat, structure, life cycle etc of such pathogens can be studied in biology. So, we can be away from different diseases to a considerable extent.
Most of the industries are based on the products of plants and animals i.e jute, rubber, gum, sugar, leather etc.
Conservation of flora and fauna
Biology helps the scientists or researchers to conserve endangered flora and fauna.
Rearing of animals for food, watchman-ship, agriculture, transportation etc is an old practice done by man. Biology gives an idea to keep such animals in a systematic way.
Entertainment or Aesthetic value
Rearing of animals and preserving plants are done by the human for entertainment as well i.e. zoo, circus, aquarium, park, garden etc.
The products obtained by the rearing of animals and planting can be sold in a market which gives financial aid. Tourist visits in Nepal to entertain with natural resources, wild lives, medicinal plants etc. By exposing flora and fauna, the country can raise its economic status.
The concept of biology is essential in veterinary science, dairy science, pisciculture, apiculture, biotechnology, biophysics, biochemistry etc. Biology accepted the challenges given by the world regarding food, population, and disease with solutions i.e. new technology in agriculture, family planning and medicine.
Key Skill in Biology
- Practical scientific skills.
- Problem-solving skills.
- Accuracy and attention to detail.
- Excellent communication skills.
- IT skills.
- a keen interest in research.
- excellent oral and written communication skills.
- an analytical mind and a logical approach to problem solving.
- good observation skills.
- to be able to swim and scuba dive.
- to be able to work independently or as part of a team.
- business awareness
- problem-solving skill
- project and time management skills
Career Prospects in Biology
- Higher education lecturer
- Nature conservation officer
- Physician associate
- Research scientist (life sciences)
- Research scientist (medical)
- Secondary school teacher
- Soil scientist
- Conservation scientist
Jobs where your degree would be useful include:
- General practice doctor
- Health promotion specialist
- Science writer
- Sustainability consultant
- Biomedical scientist
- Forensic scientist
Admission Requirements for the study of Biology in Nigeria
The O'level subject combination and requirements needed to study Biology;
Five SSCE credit passes to include English Language, Biology, Chemistry and Maths/Physics
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Biology under the Faculty of Sciences in the above Universities include;
» Biology, Chemistry and Physics or Mathematics