Career Opportunities for Biology Graduates in Nigeria

About Biology

Biology is the natural science that involves the study of life and living organisms, including their physical and chemical structure, function, development and evolution. Modern biology is a vast field, composed of many branches. Despite the broad scope and the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. In general, biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation of new species. It is also understood that all organisms survive by consuming and transforming energy and by regulating their internal environment.

Scope of Biology

Human beings are the most intelligent organism due to the capability of thinking and understanding. For human, study of science has dual purposes. Firstly, they gain scientific knowledge. Secondly, they apply the knowledge for human welfare. On the basis of practical application, scope of biology in context of Nepal can be discussed in the following points;


Biology gives knowledge about the useful and harmful plant. So, the farmer can get better pest free crops.

Human health

Biology provides the knowledge to maintain good health by following a proper food, exercises, good habits etc.

Human diseases

Several pathogens cause different diseases. The habit, habitat, structure, life cycle etc of such pathogens can be studied in biology. So, we can be away from different diseases to a considerable extent.


Most of the industries are based on the products of plants and animals i.e jute, rubber, gum, sugar, leather etc.

Conservation of flora and fauna

Biology helps the scientists or researchers to conserve endangered flora and fauna.

Animal husbandry

Rearing of animals for food, watchman-ship, agriculture, transportation etc is an old practice done by man. Biology gives an idea to keep such animals in a systematic way.

Entertainment or Aesthetic value

Rearing of animals and preserving plants are done by the human for entertainment as well i.e. zoo, circus, aquarium, park, garden etc.

Economic value

The products obtained by the rearing of animals and planting can be sold in a market which gives financial aid. Tourist visits in Nepal to entertain with natural resources, wild lives, medicinal plants etc. By exposing flora and fauna, the country can raise its economic status.

Practical scopes

The concept of biology is essential in veterinary science, dairy science, pisciculture, apiculture, biotechnology, biophysics, biochemistry etc. Biology accepted the challenges given by the world regarding food, population, and disease with solutions i.e. new technology in agriculture, family planning and medicine.

Key Skill in Biology

You'll need:

  • Practical scientific skills.
  • Problem-solving skills.
  • Accuracy and attention to detail.
  • Excellent communication skills.
  • IT skills.
  • a keen interest in research.
  • excellent oral and written communication skills.
  • an analytical mind and a logical approach to problem solving.
  • good observation skills.
  • to be able to swim and scuba dive.
  • to be able to work independently or as part of a team.
  • self-reliance
  • initiative
  • business awareness
  • problem-solving skill
  • project and time management skills

Career Prospects in Biology

  • Biotechnologist
  • Higher education lecturer
  • Microbiologist
  • Nanotechnologist
  • Nature conservation officer
  • Pharmacologist
  • Physician associate
  • Research scientist (life sciences)
  • Research scientist (medical)
  • Secondary school teacher
  • Soil scientist
  • Zoologist
  • Conservation scientist

Jobs where your degree would be useful include:

  • Acupuncturist
  • Dentist
  • General practice doctor
  • Health promotion specialist
  • Science writer
  • Sustainability consultant
  • Biomedical scientist
  • Botanist
  • Ecologist
  • Ergonomist
  • Forensic scientist

Admission Requirements for the study of Biology in Nigeria

The O'level subject combination and requirements needed to study Biology

You require;
Five SSCE credit passes to include English Language, Biology, Chemistry and Maths/Physics

In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Biology under the Faculty of Sciences in the above Universities include;

» Biology, Chemistry and Physics or Mathematics

Prepare for your next job interview?

  • Get familiar with interview questions
  • Pass your next job test

Get Started

Learn more
Related Jobs