Career Opportunities and Job Prospects for Social Sciences Graduates in Nigeria

Social Sciences
About Social Sciences

Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. Social science as a whole has many branches, each of which is considered a social science. The term is also sometimes used to refer specifically to the field of sociology, the original "science of society", established in the 19th century.

Fields of study list of Social Sciences

The social sciences include;

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Communication studies
  • History
  • Human geography
  • Jurisprudence
  • Linguistics
  • Public health
  • Cultural studies
  • Gender studies
  • Sociology
  • Behavioural sciences
  • Demography and Population
  • Economics
  • Political sciences
  • Psychology
  • Urban studies
  • Sociology.

Concept of Social Sciences

Social sciences are the body of knowledge which is concerned with human affairs in the spectrum of broad socio-cultural system. Social sciences constitute an important component of high school/higher education curriculum. The different social science subjects like history, political science, anthropology, philosophy, economics etc. have independent status in high school/university education. The following definitions of Charles Beard and James High may add same clarifications to the concept of social sciences.

Charles Beard: Social sciences are the body of knowledge and thought pertaining to human affairs as distinguished from sticks, stones, stars and physical objects. (S. K. Kochhar, The Teaching of Social Studies, 1984-First Edition).

James High: Social sciences are those bodies of learning and study which recognize the simultaneous and mutual action of physical and non-physical stimuli which produce social reaction (Dr. Y.K. Singh, Teaching of Social Studies,2008).

The following points may characterize the nature of social sciences

1) Direct bearing on human activity is: Social sciences are those aspects of knowledge which have direct bearing on man’s activities in different sociocultural fields.

2) Advance studies of human society: Social sciences are advance level studies of human society; and they are generally taught at higher education level.

3) Find out truths about human relationships: Social sciences seek to find out truths about human relationships which ultimately contribute to the social utility and advancement of knowledge.

Social Sciences are all about an objective study (science) of people and their interactions.If we want to improve our lives, choices, groups,institutions and societies we need to understand how they work? why they exist? and how they have functioned in the past? The most effective study of social science is when they are studied together to answer the big questions we have about ourselves and human life on the planet.

Studying the social sciences can provide us with so many important answers and observations that may help improve the understanding of our lives, and thus help us to improve our interactions with each other. The social sciences can provide insight into all types of social situations such as raising children, family relationships, friendships, work place relationships, interactions with strangers, cultural differences, and so on. Studying these situations and complex scenarios that arise in each situation really aids those in various professions that dedicate their lives to helping people improve and understand their behaviour or psychological state.

Studying social sciences means to acquire more knowledge and help us to know the mystery of the society and improve our interactions with each other, additionally the social sciences are the most important science in our life because human being is the element who lives within a society which takes the great part in the social sciences.

Skills and Competencies needed for the study of Social Science Courses

  • Learning and study skills;
  • Written communication;
  • Analytical and critical skills;
  • The ability to gather, assess and interpret data;
  • Oral communication and presentation skills;
  • Time management;
  • Discussion and group work skills;
  • Research skills for collecting and understanding information
  • Crime Techniques
  • Criminal Behaviour
  • Research Skills
  • Knowledge of Computers
  • Investigative skills
  • Observation skills.

Career Opportunities and Job Options for Social Science Graduates(depending on area of specialization)

  • Equality and diversity officer.
  • Higher education lecturer.
  • Human resources officer.
  • Museum/gallery curator.
  • Public relations officer.
  • Social worker.
  • UX analyst.
  • Archaeologist
  • Anthropologist
  • Scientist
  • Medical Researcher
  • Consultant
  • Field Investigator
  • Education Anthropologist
  • Economic Anthropologist
  • Business Anthropologist
  • Forensic Anthropologist
  • Sociocultural Anthropologist
  • Visual Anthropologist
  • Clinical psychologist
  • Counselling psychologist
  • Educational psychologist
  • Forensic psychologist
  • Further education teacher
  • Health psychologist
  • High intensity therapist
  • Occupational psychologist
  • Primary care graduate mental health worker
  • Psychological wellbeing practitioner
  • Sport and exercise psychologist
  • Advice worker
  • Careers adviser
  • Counsellor
  • Detective
  • Human resources officer
  • Life coach
  • Market researcher
  • Play therapist
  • Psychotherapist
  • Mental Health Counselor and Marriage and Family Therapist.
  • Recreational Therapist.
  • School Career Counselor.
  • Career Counselor.
  • Special Education Teacher.
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Army Mental Health Specialist
  • Career Counseling
  • Child Counseling
  • Child Abuse Counselor
  • Community Counseling
  • Domestic Violence Counseling
  • Gerontological Counseling
  • Licensed Professional Counseling
  • Marriage, Family and Child Counseling
  • Military Chaplain
  • Military Counselor
  • Multi-Cultural Counseling
  • Rehabilitation Counseling
  • Substance Abuse Counseling
  • Art Therapist
  • Exercise Therapist
  • Existential Therapist
  • Marriage and Family Therapist
  • Music Therapist
  • Private detectives
  • Crime investigators
  • Crime scene analyst
  • Crime laboratory analyst
  • F.B.I. agents
  • Forensic surgeon
  • Forensic engineer
  • Police officers
  • Crime intelligence analyst
  • Community corrections coordinator
  • Law reform researcher
  • Regional crime prevention coordinator
  • Consumer advocate
  • Drug policy advisor
  • Environment protection analyst
  • Actuarial analyst
  • Chartered accountant
  • Chartered certified accountant
  • Chartered public finance accountant
  • Data analyst
  • Economist
  • Financial risk analyst
  • Forensic accountant
  • Investment analyst
  • Statistician
  • Stockbroker
  • Actuary
  • Civil Service fast streamer
  • Data scientist
  • Diplomatic service officer
  • Local government officer
  • Management consultant
  • Quantity surveyor

Admission Requirements for the study of in the Faculty of social science in Nigeria

For most high institutions in Nigeria, to study Socia Science course you need to meet specific academic requirements. Candidates seeking admission through the Jamb are required to have five credit level passes in the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (S.S.C.E.) or its equivalent. These should include English Language, Literature in English,and two other approved science subjects.

In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study in Faculty of Social & Management Sciences in the below universities include Economics, Mathematics and any of Government, History, Geography, Lit-in-English, French and CRK/IRK.

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