Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application.
Telecommunications engineering is an engineering discipline centered on electrical and computer engineering which seeks to support and enhance telecommunication systems. The work ranges from basic circuit design to strategic mass developments. A telecommunication engineer is responsible for designing and overseeing the installation of telecommunications equipment and facilities, such as complex electronic switching systems, and other plain old telephone service facilities, optical fiber cabling, IP networks, and microwave transmission systems. Telecommunication engineering also overlaps with broadcast engineering.
Scope of Telecommunication Engineering
Telecommunication Engineering or telecom engineering is a quite vast field which comes under electronic engineering. The work ranges from basic circuit design to strategic mass developments; from designing of telecom equipments, electronic switching systems, copper telephone facilities, fibre optics to their installations.
A telecommunication engineer is responsible for designing and overseeing the installation of telecommunications equipment and facilities, such as complex electronic switching systems, copper telephone facilities, and fiber optics. Most Telecommunications Engineers specialize in a certain type of technology, such as telephone networks or broadband systems. A telecommunication engineer should be well versed with optical network systems, data network systems, next generation network systems, broadband technologies and wireless network systems.
The unexpected rise in communications has made about tremendous change in the telecommunication scenario. It is in fact, a science that is based on implementation, design and managing hardware and software systems that are necessary for transmitting information and processing. The field lies in electronic engineering. The course is based on wide scale devices like the satellites, radar navigation, mobile phones, computer, aviation and more. Since there is a great demand for telecommunication engineers, there are various institute, colleges and universities that provide education in this field.
Telecommunication engineers have to deal with the installing, maintenance and supervision of telephone lines and exchange offices. The industry is always in need of project management professionals and those candidates that are skilled in this field. They also need support staff that is less qualified as well.
Skills and Competencies that You Might Need as Telecom Engineer
- Technological Skills. An individual must have certain technological skills to be a successful telecommunications worker. ...
- Organization. ...
- Multitasking. ...
- Communication. ...
- Cloud Computing Skills. ...
- IT Support Skills or Network Engineering. ...
- Programming. ...
- Soft Skills. ...
- Value Adding and Certification. ..
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects for Telecomunication Engineering Graduates
Telecommunications is a wide field that offers individuals to pursue jobs such as the following:
- Telecom Researcher
- Field Manager
- Hardware Designer
- Electronic Designer
- Network Designer
- Product Manager
- Radio Frequency Engineer
- Computer Software Engineers
- Network Manager
- Customer Service Representatives: Graduates with a telecommunications degree who also enjoy interacting with people may wish to pursue employment as a telecommunications customer service specialist. Customer service specialists handle all aspects of dealing with the accounts of both new and existing telecommunications customers. Common tasks include rectifying billing issues on accounts, explaining products and services, basic troubleshooting of equipment, sales, and other things of this nature.
- Telecommunications Systems Managers: Telecommunications systems managers are responsible for developing, altering, and monitoring both new and existing telecommunications systems. Since technology is constantly changing, it's important for telecommunications managers to keep abreast of new technologies and continuously work to integrate them with the older systems.
- Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers: Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers are responsible for the set-up, repair, and maintenance of telecommunications equipment. Any equipment that carries communications signals, accesses the Internet, or is connected by telephone lines fall into this category.
Admission Requirements for Studying Telecommunication Engineering in Nigeria
For most high institutions in Nigeria, to study telecommunication engineering as a course, you need to meet specific academic requirements. Candidates seeking admission through the Jamb are required to have five credit level passes in the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (S.S.C.E.) or its equivalent. These should include English Language, Mathematics, Physics,Chemistry, Geography or any other approved science subject.
For Jamb UTME, English Language, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics are subjects required.
Please check Jamb brochure for requirements for each school.