Cardiology is a medical specialty and a branch of internal medicine concerned with disorders of the heart. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of such conditions as congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, heart failure and valvular heart disease.
Scope of Cardiology
Cardiology is a branch of medicine that deals with the disorders of the heart as well as some parts of the circulatory system. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease etc.
Heart disease relates specifically to the heart, while cardiovascular disease affects the heart, the blood vessels, or both.
The aim of cardiology is to treat patients who have had a heart attack, heart failure, or other heart problems. Due to increase in heart patients, there's the need for cardiologists in the world today to help
- Examine patients and diagnose heart issues.
- Treat cardiovascular diseases.
- After complete analysis and tests , a cardiologists provide medication to the patient.
- Focus on pumping function of heart
- Conducts heart surgery
Heart diseases that a cardiologist can help with include:
- atrial fibrillation
- congenital heart disease
- coronary heart disease
- congestive heart disease
- high blood cholesterol and triglycerides
- ventricular tachycardia
- high blood pressure, or hypertension
The cardiologist can give advice about preventing heart disease.
Responsibilities of Cardiologists
As a cardiologist, you can expect to:
- treat patients by reviewing and understanding their medical backgrounds and examining them to assess their current condition and health
- look at and employ ways of preventing, diagnosing and treating a range of heart-related problems
- carry out tests such as echocardiograms and interpret test results to measure how effectively the heart is working, which will help you to decide on the best method of treatment
- perform specialist procedures, such as coronary angiography, to help treat cardiac diseases
- prescribe medication to patients to help treat a range of cardiac illnesses
- provide ongoing support and advice to patients under long-term care
- work effectively in a multidisciplinary team, collaborating and liaising closely with colleagues
- provide support and advice to colleagues working in other specialities
- practise governance and audits within your department
- attend clinical management meetings
- complete administration, which can include anything from accurately recording patient interventions and referrals to overseeing budgetary information
- teach and provide educational support and training for junior staff
- carry out clinical research in your area of interest
- be at the forefront of trialling breakthrough treatments and medication developed by pioneering research.
Importance of Cardiology
Cardiology is a vital aspect of medicine because it handles issues related to the heart. It's importance cannot be over emphasized because it will help in reviewing patients' medical history and carry out a physical examination.
Furthermore, it is to give advice about preventing heart disease and as well as cure patients with different heart problems and so many other
Educational Requirements for Cardiology Careers
The Cardiology field is a professional field that requires expertise. As a result, all doctors must complete a Doctor of Medicine(M.D.) program. Upon completion of medical school, you are expected to enter into an internal medicine residency program (Practical Training). All doctors must be licensed after you must have earned an undergraduate degree, graduated from medical school, completed a residency, and passed all necessary examinations. States may further require periodic license renewal and mandate continuing education. might have passed the Medical Licensing Examination(MLE).
After completion of residency, future cardiologists must earn board certification in internal medicine through the Board of Internal Medicine. This certification is a prerequisite for board certification in cardiology.
Cardiologists will apply for cardiology fellowships which consists of further training in the prevention, diagnosis, and management of a wide range of cardiac conditions.
Finally, After completing a fellowship in cardiology, physicians can take the Cardiovascular Disease Certification Examination administered by the Board of Internal Medicine. Passing the exam results in board certification in cardiology.
Skills and Competencies required in Cardiology Careers
- Depth Knowledge of Cardiovascular System: Aspirants should be aware of the system of cardiovascular. You should have complete knowledge after completing your degree.
- Be familiar with all Technologies: You should know the technologies and devices used for surgery. The knowledge of instrumental machines is necessary so, that you can interpret specialized tests.
- Self- Confidence: If you are senior doctor in your department, then you have to be confident while doing operation in operation theatre. In emergency cases it is very important to take immediate decision.
- Communication and Interpersonal Skills: It is the skill with which you can properly communicate with your colleagues. This skill should be present in you.
- Analytical Judgement: It is important to have the ability to collect and analyze information, problem-solve, and make decisions/judgements.
- Teamwork skills: Have the ability of working in and having the potential to lead a team.
- Attention to detail – a cardiologist’s work is incredibly detailed and requires precision, both in a surgical sense and when prescribing treatments to patients. Cardiologists need excellent attention to detail to spot and treat problems quickly.
- Dexterity – mistakes can have serious, if not fatal, consequences, so cardiologists need outstanding hand-eye coordination when working with sharp tools and equipment.
- Bedside manner – patients may be scared or upset when visiting a hospital, so cardiologists need compassion, patience, and a good bedside manner to put them at ease.
- Organizational skills – cardiologists deal with complex information, medications, and confidential data. Keeping concise and well-organized records is vital from a medical and a business perspective.
Career Opportunities for Cardiology Graduates
Most cardiology jobs require a full medical degree and extensive post-qualification training. The cardiology team also includes non-physician jobs, although these too require extensive qualifications and experience.
- A Cardiac or Cardiovascular Nurse: Cardiac Nurses are a key part of the cardiology team. They assist physicians in diagnosing heart conditions, arranging surgeries and other procedures, and providing expert aftercare to patients. They are responsible for monitoring patients’ progress and ensuring they are as comfortable as possible. Many Cardiac Nurses assist cardiac patients in their rehabilitation, supporting them to make a quick recovery and make any lifestyle changes that will help to prevent future problems.
- Cardiac Physiologists – also known as Cardiac Technologists and Cardiac Technicians – do important diagnostic work with patients who have suspected or known heart problems. They work as part of the cardiology team, performing a range of tests such as EKG’s, echocardiographs and cardiac stress tests on behalf of the cardiologists who request them. They also analyse the test results and report to the patient’s physician.
A cardiology job as a Cardiac Physiologist may also involve assisting with fitting pacemakers and providing follow-up care for patients with pacemakers.
The cardiology jobs for qualified physicians with extensive cardiology training and qualifications.
- Cardiology Technologist: Cardiovascular technologists and cardiovascular technicians serve as cardiovascular assistants to physicians. They aid in the diagnosis and treatment of heart and blood vessel issues. Their day-to-day tasks include reviewing doctor and patient documentation, scheduling appointments and monitoring patients' heart rates.
- Interventional Cardiologist: An interventional cardiologist is a cardiologist with one to two years of additional education and training in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease as well as congenital (present at birth) and structural heart conditions through catheter-based procedures, such as angioplasty and stenting.
- Cardiovascular Technologist: Cardiovascular technologists and cardiovascular technicians serve as cardiovascular assistants to physicians. They aid in the diagnosis and treatment of heart and blood vessel issues. Their day-to-day tasks include reviewing doctor and patient documentation, scheduling appointments and monitoring patients' heart rates.
- Cardiac Catheterization Technologist: Cardiac Catheterization Technologist assist physicians with patient monitoring during surgery or procedures. Documents evaluation results, progress reports, treatment plans and other data using appropriate formats and systems.
- Electrocardiography Technician: Electrocardiograph (EKG) Technicians are medical practitioners who administer tests to determine the cardiovascular health of patients. Their primary duties include performing diagnostic tests on patients, monitoring patient blood pressure and collecting medical data for use by doctors.
- Nuclear Cardiologist: A nuclear cardiologist uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and treat patients' heart problems non-invasively. This includes injecting an imaging agent into a patient's bloodstream and using specialized equipment, such as a gamma camera, to monitor a patient's heart at work and at rest.
- Clinical Cardiac Perfusionist: cardiac perfusionists must review patients' medical history and current status, and set up and test the heart-lung machine and related equipment. Perfusionists operate the machine to regulate blood circulation and composition, control body temperature, and administer any necessary drugs.
- Cardiovascular Surgeon: They perform major operations on hearts, major blood vessels, veins and arteries.
- Interventional Cardiologist: Interventional Cardiologists perform a range of cardiology tasks as part of their job. This includes invasive procedures such as heart catheterizations, stent placements in closed or diseased arteries, plaque removal (atheroectomy), valve repairs, placing mesh stends into narrowing arteries and balloon angioplasty to open blocked arteries.
- Electrophysiologist Cardiologist: Electrophysiology studies the heart’s bio-electrical impulses, which provide vital information about a patient’s cardiac health. Studying the electrical stimulus of the heart can identify irregular heartbeats and other problems that could cause cardiac arrest or other problems.
Specialist Cardiology Jobs
- Heart Failure Cardiologist – As its name suggests, a Heart Failure Cardiologist specialises in helping patients with heart failure.
- Imaging Cardiologist – A job as an Imaging Cardiologist involves working with a wide range of imagery relating to the heart. This includes reading and interpreting cardiac echocardiograms, cardiac CT scan images, MRI scans and cardiac stress test results.
- Paediatric Cardiologist – A job as a Paediatric Cardiologist involves a wide range of work to help children with heart problems.
- Transplant Cardiologist – Transplant Cardiologist jobs involve specialising in patients who need or have had heart transplants.