Public Administration a branch of political science dealing primarily with the structure and workings of agencies charged with the administration of governmental functions.
Public administration consists of all those operations having for their purpose the fulfillment or enforcement of public policy.
Scope of Public Administration
Broadly speaking, Public Administration embraces all the activities of the government.
Public Administration provides a number of welfare and social security services to the people. Besides, it has to manage government owned industries and regulate private industries. Public administration covers every area and activity within the ambit public policy. Thus, the scope of public administration is very wide in modern state.
Public Administration is a detailed and systematic application of law.
Public administrators often fulfill administrative roles providing information to clients, and overseeing and implementing various programs for organizations. They are often responsible for directing and advising organization employees like researchers, program officers and consultants. They might also evaluate programs and services within an organization, as well as implement changes to public policy initiatives.
Monitoring and approving budgets may also be a public administrator's role. They might be in charge of revenue and expenditure planning in their organizations. They may also design and evaluate accounting systems. Public administrators must comply with legal provisions while managing accounting information.
Importance of Public Administration
Public administration consists of getting the work of the government done by coordinating the efforts of the people so that they can work together to accomplish their set tasks…managing, directing, and supervising the activities of thousands, even millions of workers so that some order and efficiency may result from their efforts.
Public Administrators possess the ability to predict and plan for potential catastrophes in the event that they come to fruition. In the midst of a crisis, efficiency and accountability can mean the difference between life and death for thousands of people. Time is of the essence in a crisis, and public administrators have the organizational skills and knowledge to deploy necessary aid rapidly, safely and efficiently.
Public administrators are tasked with protecting the interests of the average citizen, and as the population has become increasingly concerned with the harmful effects of climate change, public administrators orchestrate policies related to environmental management.
Educational Requirements for Public Administration Careers
Public administration jobs generally require a master’s degree in Public Administration/ A master’s in Public Policy and Administration is also available. A bachelor’s or master’s degree in public administration will prepare candidates for a leadership or managerial position in federal, state or local government, as well as in non-profit and private organizations.
Skills and Competencies Required in Public Administration Careers
- Budgeting and finance
- Economic and political processes
- Organizational behavior and management
- Performance management
- Policy analysis
- Program evaluation
- Research methods and design
- Critical thinking
- Problem solving skills
- Risk Management
- Strategic Planning
- Interpersonal skills
- Human resource management
- Labor management
- Sustainable development
- Community Development
- Leadership skills
- Crisis management
Career Opportunities for Public Administration Graduates
Once you complete a degree in Public Administration, career options are numerous, specifically in the government, NGOs and the private sector as well. Here are some of the most popular and hunted jobs in Public Administration:
Tax examiners make sure that federal, state, and local governments receive all their tax money from businesses, organizations and citizens. They are responsible for conducting audits, identify the taxes that are owed and collect overdue tax payments.
Budget analysts have to find the most efficient ways to distribute funds and resources from various departments and programs within a governmental agency or institution. In addition to analyzing and managing budgets, analysts evaluate the performance of a governmental program and draft the legislation for public budgets.
Public Administration Consultant
Public administration consultants focus on delivering policy recommendations for meeting budgets, deadlines, and so on in a governmental institution. They may acquire specialisation in a certain field and for instance, become public consultants in information systems or in logistics.
The job of a city manager is similar to the one of a CEO, in the sense that this person is responsible for making sure all the departments run efficiently and successfully. City managers are chosen by elected officials and can work for small towns or for large cities.
International aid/development worker
Your job will be to assess emergency situations and closely collaborate with staff from various departments (doctors, police officers, social workers, etc.).
As a fundraising manager, your main goal will be to raise money on behalf of non-profit organizations (NGOs or charities) that have as main goal to solve a social problem (help people in need), an environmental problem (reduce effects of pollution), etc.
Specific job titles of a public administrator can include the following:
- Administrative Services Managers
- Executive Director
- Strategic planning director
- Community engagement coordinator
- Labor relations manager
- Special projects coordinator
- Grant writer
- Director of operations
- Government relations specialist
- Public affairs director
- Capital programs coordinator
- Budget analyst
- Policy analyst
- Chief operating officer
- Performance analyst
- Director of community engagement
- Director of community partnerships