Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the later half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use. Subsequently, broadcasting and recording media made electronics part of daily life. The invention of the transistor, and later the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in almost any household object.
Electrical engineering is one of the newer branches of engineering, and dates back to the late 19th century. It is the branch of engineering that deals with the technology of electricity. Electrical engineers work on a wide range of components, devices and systems, from tiny microchips to huge power station generators.
Early experiments with electricity included primitive batteries and static charges. However, the actual design, construction and manufacturing of useful devices and systems began with the implementation of Michael Faraday's Law of Induction, which essentially states that the voltage in a circuit is proportional to the rate of change in the magnetic field through the circuit. This law applies to the basic principles of the electric generator, the electric motor and the transformer. The advent of the modern age is marked by the introduction of electricity to homes, businesses and industry, all of which were made possible by electrical engineers.
Scope of Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineering is one of the most popular engineering courses and has been one of the major driving forces of high technology over the past few decades. Electrical engineering is rapidly growing not only within core areas such as wireless communications and mobile technologies but also in other areas such as nanotechnology, biotechnology and biomedical engineering.
Electrical engineers are responsible for inventions that have revolutionized our society, such as the electrical grid, telecommunications, and automated computing and control. The profession continues to make vital contributions in many domains, such as the infusion of information technology into all aspects of daily life. To further these ends, the Department of Electrical Engineering fosters a dynamic academic environment that is committed to a tradition of excellence in teaching, research, and service and has state-of-the-art research programs and facilities in a variety of fields. As one of the most interesting branch of engineering because it involves study of computer, electrical and electronics and communication. Electrical engineering deals with generation, transmission and distribution of electricity.
Skills and Competencies needed in Electrical Engineering
- Excellent maths, science and IT skills
- The ability to make and understand technical diagrams
- Analytical skills
- The ability to explain design ideas clearly
- Decision-making skills
- The ability to use specialist knowledge creatively and innovatively to solve problems;
- Pragmatism and practicality to turn a concept into reality;
- Effective communication (spoken and written);
- Good teamworking;
- Project and time management;
- A professional approach and ability to work to an ethical code of conduct.
- Relevant technical knowledge and up-to-date sector knowledge
- The ability to multitask
- Commercial awareness
- An analytical and problem-solving approach to work
- Oral and written communication skills to make technical information easy to understand for non-technical people
- Flexibility in order to adapt to evolving technologies
- Planning and organisational skills, such as time and resource allocation
- The ability to work in a multidisciplinary team
- Leadership and management skills to help with career progression
- A commitment to continuing professional development throughout your career.
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects for Electrical Engineering Graduates in Nigeria
- Aerospace engineer
- Broadcast engineer
- Control and instrumentation engineer
- Design engineer
- Electrical engineer
- Electronics engineer
- IT consultant
- Network engineer
- Nuclear engineer
- Systems analyst
- Management consultant
- Multimedia programmer
- Project manager
- Technical author
- Technical sales engineer
Admission requirements for the study of Electrical Engineering in Nigeria
The O'level subject combination and requirements needed to study Electrical Engineering;
You require; Five SSCE credit passes to include Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English Language and any other Science subject.
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. Therefore, the three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Electrical / Electronic Engineering under the Faculty of Engineering, Environment & Technology in the above Universities include;
Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.